Female Reproductive Anatomy

Ovary: produce female eggs/ovum and female hormones (estrogen, progesterone)

Ovum: female reproductive cells that contribute X chromosomes.

Fallopian tubes: tubes that transport ovum to the uterus; passageway where fertilization occurs; site of ectopic pregnancy; site where tubal ligation (sterilization) occurs.

Uterus: also known as the “womb” when an egg is fertilized and implants in the lining of the uterus; when no fertilized egg is present the lining of the uterus sheds for the menstrual cycle.

Cervix: lower end of the uterus; an opening between the uterus and vagina that passes sperm, menstrual fluid, and a fetus.

Vagina: pathway for menstrual flow, birth canal, sperm, and STIs. Opening for sexual intercourse and contains vaginal secretions/lubrication.

Urethra: opening for urine.

Clitoris: sensitive tissue with sole purpose for sexual stimulation.

Passageway of Ovum:
Ovary - Fallopian tube - Uterus - Cervical Opening - Vagina